Today in history: All of them
- 1655: Christiaan Huygens discovers the largest moon of Saturn, Titan
- 1934: The UK introduces a driving test.
- 1985: Billy Dee Williams receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- 1738: The Parliament asks King George II to seek redress from Spain, kicking off the War of Jenkins' Ear.
- 1867: Queen Victoria gives royal assent to the British North American Act, which created Canada.
- 1886: John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in Atlanta.
- 1961: The 23rd Amendment is ratified, giving residents of Washington, DC, a vote in Presidential elections.
- 1992: The Silence of the Lambs wins the Oscar for Best Picture.
- 1918: Daylight Savings Time goes into effect in the United States for the first time.
- 1948: A paper describing how the elements came into being after the Big Bang is published by Alpher, Gamow, and Bethe.
- 1968: 2001: A Space Odyssey premiers
- 1043: Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England
- 1984: Ronald Reagan calls for a ban on chemical weapons
- 1621: The Mayflower departs from Plymouth, Massachusetts, on a return voyage to England.
- 1947: The first Tony Awards
- 1999: The World Trade Organization ends the long-running dispute between the United States and the European Union about bananas, ruling in favor of the US.
- 1959: Grace Hopper and her team meet for the first time to begin creating what will eventually become COBOL.
- 1991: Georgia declares independence from the Soviet Union.
- 1970: Paul McCartney announces he is leaving the Beatles.
- 1951: General Douglas MacArthur is relieved of command in Korea by President Harry Truman
- 1954: Billy Haley and the Comets record 'Rock Around the Clock'
- 1742: First performance of Handel's Messiah
- 1862: US Civil War battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee
- 1947: Jackie Robinson debuts for the Brooklyn Dodgers, the first African-American allowed to play in US major league baseball.
- 1881: In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson has his final gunfight.
- 1924: The Metro, Goldwyn, and Mayer film studios merge to create MGM.
- 1930: BBC Radio news announces 'there is no news' and broadcasts music instead.
- 1943: Albert Hoffman deliberately doses himself with LSD for the first time.
- 1918: Manfred von Richtofen shoots down two enemies, getting his 79th and 80th victories.
- 1918: Baron von Richtofen, better known as the Red Baron, is shot down for the last time
- 1993: NCSA Mosaic web browser version 1.0 released, bringing the modern web to life
- 1914: First game at Wrigley Field, then known as Weegham Park
- 1558: Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Dauphin of France at Notre Dame de Paris
- 1953: The structure of DNA as a double-helix is reported in the journal Nature in three simultaneous papers by Watson and Crick (describing a physical model of DNA), and Wilkins and Franklin (describing the data that underpinned the physical model).
- 1905: Cubs outfielder Jack McCarthy becomes the first major league player to throw out three runners at home plate in a single game
- 1981: Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse
- 1881: Billy the Kid escapes from jail
- 1429: Joan of Arc arrives to lift the siege of Orleans in the Hundred Years War
- 2013: Willem-Alexander is inaugurated King of the Netherlands after the abdication of Beatrix
- 1707: The Acts of Union joining the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain takes effect.
- 1780: Xi Ursae Majoris, the first binary star discovered, is spotted by William Herschel.
- 1952: The Kentucky Derby is televised nationally for the first time.
- 1814: The Bourbon Restoration begins in France with the exile of Napoleon and the new reign of Louis XVIII.
- 1925: John T. Scopes is arrested for teaching evolution in violation of Tennessee law.
- 1935: The Works Progress Administration is created by President Roosevelt's executive order 7034.
- 1274: The Second Council of Lyon begins in France to set rules for the election of the Pope
- 1886: John Pemberton sells Coca-Cola as a patent medicne for the first time
- 1874: The first horsebus is debuted in Mumbai, India
- 1872: Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman to run for President of the United States nominated by the Equal Rights Party.
- 1858: Minnesota becomes the thirty-second state of the United States
- 1846: The Donner Party departs Independence, Missouri, on a journey to California.
- 1983: Reggie Jackson becomes the first person in Major League Baseball to strike out 2,000 times.
- 1097: The First Crusade begins in earnest with the Siege of Nicaea
- 1928: Mickey Mouse debuts in his first cartoon, Plane Crazy
- 1866: The nickel coin is established by an act of the US Congress
- 1792: The New York Stock Exchange is founded
- 1954: The US Supreme Court unaminously decides that segregation of schools on the basis of race is unconstitutional
- 1860: At the Republican National Convention, Abraham Lincoln is nominted for President on the third ballot
- 1780: Around mid-day, the sky over New England and parts of Canada went so dark as to require candles, due to an unusual combination of clouds, thick fog, and forest fire smoke.
- 1882: The Triple Alliance between the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Kingdom of Italy is formed.
- 1862: President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act (source: Library of Congress Today in History)
- 2005: The tallest roller coaster in the world, Kingda Ka, opens in New Jersey
- 1969: The Apollo 10 lunar module, codenamed 'Snoopy,' passes within 8.4 nautical miles of the moon's surface
- 1618: The Second Defenestration of Prague begins the Thirty Years' War
- 2019: British Prime Minister Theresa May announces her resignation as leader of the Conservative Party under pressure over her handling of Brexit
- 1968: The Gateway Arch in St. Louis is dedicated
- 1998: The first National Sorry Day is held in Austrlia to remember and commemorate the mistreatment of the country's indigenous peoples as part of ongoing reconciliation
- 1994: The final broadcast of the Arsenio Hall Show. Also the final broadcast of Larry King's radio show and the theatrical release of the Flintstons live-action movie.
- 1936: Alan Turin submits for publication his paper that proves some mathematical problems cannot be solved purely by computation
- 1886: John Pemberton places the first advertisement for Coca-Cola, appearing in the Atlanta Journal.
- 1431: Joan of Arc is burned at the stake
- 2020: The President of the United States courageously turns off the lights at the White House and hides in the bunker rather than face outrage over continued police murders of Black people.
- 1495: John Cor, a monk, brews the first-known batch of Scotch whiskey.
- 1953: Queen Elizabeth II is corronated and begins her eternal reign.
- 1539: Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain, despite the people already living there.
- 1989: The Chinese People's Liberation Army murders hundreds of pro-Democracy demonstrators at Tiananmen Square.
- 1964: Davie Jones and the King Bees debuts 'I Cant Help Thinking About Me.' The band breaks up, but Davie Jones goes on to success as David Bowie.
- 1844: The YMCA is founded in London
- 2020: Protestors in the UK topple a statue of Atlantic slave-trader Edward Colston and throw it into the River Avon, amid continuing demonstrations against racism and police brutality.
- 1959: The USPS and US Navy perform the first and only 'missile mail' delivery.
- 1954: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the US Army, famously rebukes Senator Joseph McCarthy.
- 2003: The Spirit Rover launches on its journey to Mars, where it will conduct scientific missions for over six years.
- 2004: The Cassini-Huygens probe makes its closest flyby of Saturn's moon Phoebe.
- 1967: The US Supreme Court unamimously rules that laws restricting marriage on the basis of race, such as laws prohibiting Black and White people from marrying each other, are a violation of the Constitutional right of equal protection. The case is appropriately called Loving v. Virginia.
- 1913: The US Postmaster General rules that children may no longer be mailed by parcel post.
- 1949: Albert II becomes the first monkey in space.
- 1877: Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first Black person to graduate from West Point military academy.
- 1921: Bessie Coleman becomes the first Black woman to earn a pilot's license.
- 1963: Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space, abord Vostok 6.
- 1178: Canturbury monks witness the formation of the moons Giordano Bruno crater after an asteroid or comet impact, reporting that the entire surface of the moon darkened from the debris cloud.
- 1816: The Battle of Seven Oaks, a violent confrontation between fur trading companies in Manitoba, Canada.
- 1893: Lizzie Borden is acquitted of the murders of her father and stepmother.
- 1791: King Louis XVI and the immediate family attempt to flee Paris to join royalist military forces. The event is known as the Flight to Varennes.
- 1990: Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled in Berlin.
- 1972: President Richard Nixon and his Chief of Staff are recorded discussing using the CIA to obstruct an ongoing FBI investigation.
- 1813: A combined force of British and Native American defeat the United States at the Battle of Beaver Dams during the War of 1812.
- 1910: Igor Stravinski's ballet The Firebird debuts in Paris.
- 1409: Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V at the Council of Pisa, joining Popes Gregory XII and Benedict XII, the three simultaneous Popes of the Western Schism.
- 1923: First-ever aerial refueling.
- 1969: New York City police raid the Stonewall Inn, a prominent gay bar, arresting and assaulting patrons. The patrons eventually defend themselves, and protest for several days after in what is called the Stonewall Riots, which mark the beginning of the modern LGBTQ+ rights movement.
- 1613: The Globe theater in London burns to the ground
- 1906: President Theodore Roosevelt signs the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act into law.
- 1873: Slavery comes to an end in Suriname, a milestone celebrated annually as Keti Koni, translated as 'the chain is broken.'
- 1504: Bogdan III the One-Eyed becomes Voivode (ruler) of Moldavia
- 1890: Idaho is admitted to the United States as the 43rd state.
- 1054: A supernova bright enough to be seen in daylight is witnessed by Chinese, Arab, and Amerindian observers.
- 1996: Dolly the sheep is born, the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
- 1885: Louis Pasteur successfully tests his rabies vaccine on a young boy who had been bitten by a rabid dog.
- 1928: Sliced bread is sold for the first time by Chillicothe Baking Company in Missouri.
- 1932: The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression, closing at 14.22.
- 1982: Michael Fagan breaks into Buckingham Palace and enters Queen Elizabeth II's bedroom before being detained and removed from the palace.
- 1985: Coca-Cola announces the return of its original formula, marketed as Coca-Cola Classic.
- 1804: Alexander Hamilton is fatally wounded in a dual with Vice President Aaron Burr
- 2018: Shridhar Chillal cuts his fingernails for the first time in 66 years. Combined, they are nearly 30 feet long.
- 100BC: Gaius Julius Caesar is born
- 1946: Dr. Spock's book, 'Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care,' is published.
- 1834: After 356 years, the Spanish Inquisition is formally disbanded.
- 1969: The Apollo 11 mission launches on its way to landing the first humans on the moon.
- 1945: The Potsdamn Conference is held between Harry Truman, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin to determine how to manage post-war Germany.
- 1536: An act of Paliament eliminates the Pope's authority in England, the final act of splitting from the Catholic Church.
- 64: The Great Fire of Rom begins under Emperor Nero, eventually destroying two thirds of the city.
- 1799: Tekle Giyorgis I begins the first of his six reigns as emperor of Ethiopia.
- 1904: After 13 years of work, the 4,607-mile long Trans-Siberian railway is complete.
- 1342: St. Mary Magdelines flood, the largest flood on record for central Europe.
- 1904: Ice cream cones come to mainstream attention when Arnold Fornachou serves them at the St. Louis Worlds Fair.
- 1847: After seventeen years, Brigham Young and his 148 Mormon settlers stop in Utah.
- 1722: At the border between Maine and Massachusetts, Dummer's War begins.
- 1947: President Harry Truman signs the National Security Act, creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Air Force, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
- 1940: Bugs Bunny debuts in the short, A Wild Hare.
- 1996: The Kennewick Man, a set of prehistoric human remains, is discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
- 1567: Thirteen month-old James VI is crowned King of Scotland after Queen Mary was forced to abdicate.
- 1971: Apollo 15 lands on the moon, bringing along the first Lunar Rover.
- 768: Philip is named Pope. Later that day, he is removed as Pope.
- 1996: George R. R. Martin's novel, A Game of Thrones, is published, the first in the series, A Song of Fire and Ice.
- 1999: The movie The Sixth Sense is released.
- 1859: The American Dental Association is founded in Niagara Falls, NY.
- 1753: In Fredericksburg, Virginia, George Washington is raised to the rank of Master Mason in the fraternity of Freemasons.
- 1824: The Battle of Kos is fought between Greek and Turkish forces.
- 1914: The first electric traffic signal is installed in Cleveland, Ohio.
- 1806: The Holy Roman Empire is dissolved following the abdication of Emperor Francis II.
- 1962: Frances Oldham Kelsey is awarded the US President's Award for Distinguished Civil Service for refusing to approve the drug thalidomide, later linked to severe birth defects.
- 1988: The student-led pro-democracy 8888 Uprising begins in Rangoon, Burma.